In January 2016, California implemented a new law, the California Healthy Youth act, which updates the state’s requirements for sexual health education in public schools. According to the new law, students must receive comprehensive sexual health and HIV prevention education at least once in middle school and at least once in high school. Instruction must be age appropriate and medically accurate, which means that the information must be accepted by organizations like the American Academy of Pediatrics. It must also be appropriate for students with disabilities, students who are English language learners, and for students of all races, ethnic and cultural backgrounds, genders and sexual orientations. Endorsing religious doctrine is not allowed. While information will be provided on the value of delaying sexual activity and that abstinence is the only certain way to prevent unintended pregnancy, HIV, and other STIs, “abstinence-only” sex education is not permitted in California public schools.